October Birth Flowers Marigold and Cosmos — A Blooming Duo

October Birth Flowers: Marigold and Cosmos — A Blooming Duo

October is a magical month that heralds the arrival of fall with its vibrant foliage and crisp air. 

Among the various celebrations and natural wonders during this month, the October birth flowers take center stage, casting their colorful and enchanting spells. 

In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of these blooming beauties and the captivating stories they hold.

What are the October birth flowers?

What are the October birth flowers

For October-born individuals, the marigold and the cosmos are their delightful birth flowers, offering a spectrum of symbolism and charm.



Marigold, scientifically known as Tagetes, is one of the October birth flowers. It’s celebrated for its radiant beauty and rich symbolism. 

These cheerful blooms are native to the Americas and have spread their vibrant hues across the world.

Symbolism of Marigolds

Golden Yellow

Golden Yellow

The most common and classic color of marigolds, golden yellow, symbolizes warmth, happiness, and friendship. 

It represents the sun’s radiant energy and is often associated with positivity, joy, and abundance. 

Recommended use: Golden yellow marigolds are perfect choices for expressing cheerful sentiments and bringing sunshine to gardens and celebrations such as graduations and anniversaries.



Orange marigolds exude a vibrant energy, symbolizing enthusiasm, creativity, and optimism. 

Like the glowing rays of the sun, these blooms evoke feelings of warmth and vitality. 

Recommended use: They are often used to express encouragement and inspiration, making them popular gifts for uplifting spirits during challenging times.



Red marigolds carry a passionate and intense symbolism, representing love, courage, and strong emotions. 

While less common than yellow and orange varieties, red marigolds make a bold statement in arrangements and convey heartfelt sentiments. 

Recommended use: They are fitting choices for expressing deep affection and devotion.



White marigolds are rare and symbolize purity and innocence.

Recommended use: They are often used to express reverence and pay tribute to departed loved ones in some cultures.

Varieties of Marigolds

African Marigold

African Marigold

African marigolds are known for their large, robust, and showy blooms, which can reach up to three feet in height. 

They come in vibrant shades of yellow, orange, and maroon, making them striking focal points in gardens and landscapes. 

With their strong and sturdy stems, African marigolds are excellent for cut flower arrangements.

French Marigold

French Marigold

French marigolds are more compact and have smaller flowers compared to their African counterparts. 

They come in a wide range of colors, including bright yellow, fiery orange, red, and bi-colors. 

Their dainty blooms and aromatic foliage make them ideal for edging garden beds, container gardening, and as border accents.

Signet Marigold

Signet Marigold

Also known as gem marigolds, signet marigolds are distinct for their delicate, lacy foliage and abundant small, single flowers. 

They come in shades of yellow and orange and emit a delightful citrus-like scent when touched. 

Signet marigolds are perfect for garden edging and can be placed on hanging baskets or window boxes.

Triploid Marigold

Triploid Marigold

Triploid marigolds are hybrids resulting from the cross between African and French marigolds. 

They combine the best traits of both parents, offering a wide range of colors and a robust, compact growth habit. 

Triploid marigolds are versatile and can be used as bedding plants, in containers, and as eye-catching border accents.

Lemon Gem Marigold

Lemon Gem Marigold

A specific variety of signet marigold, lemon gem features lemon-yellow blooms and finely divided foliage. 

It’s cherished for its vibrant color and lovely scent, making it a popular choice for garden edging and container planting.

Durango Marigold

Durango Marigold

Durango marigolds are a series of French marigold hybrids known for their large, semi-double flowers and a range of bright colors. 

They bloom profusely and are a great choice for mass planting, borders, and pots.

Taishan Marigold

Taishan Marigold

Taishan marigolds are a specific variety of African marigolds known for their compact growth and large, double blooms in vibrant shades of yellow and orange. 

They are particularly well-suited for container gardening and small garden spaces.

Bonanza Marigold

Bonanza Marigold

Bonanza marigolds are dwarf French marigold varieties, offering a mix of colors and a neat, bushy growth habit. 

They bloom abundantly and are perfect for adding a burst of color to flower beds, borders, and mixed containers.

Giant Marigold

Giant Marigold

As the name suggests, giant marigolds are a larger version of African marigolds with enormous double blooms. 

They come in various colors, including golden yellows and warm oranges.

Harmony Marigold

Harmony Marigold

Harmony marigolds are French marigold varieties featuring dense, double flowers in a range of harmonious colors. 

They bloom continuously throughout the season, adding beauty to flower beds and containers.

Marigold in Different Religions & Cultures

Marigold in Different Religions & Cultures
MexicanIn Mexico, marigolds have a special connection to the Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead), a vibrant celebration to honor deceased loved ones.

It’s believed that the scent of marigolds helps guide the spirits of the departed back to the world of the living during this time.

As a result, marigolds are abundantly used in altars, gravesites, and decorations for the festivities.

The bright orange and yellow blooms are seen as a way to celebrate life and the eternal cycle of existence.

ThaiDuring the Loi Krathong festival, small floating offerings called krathongs are released into waterways to celebrate the water goddess Phra Mae Kongkha.

Marigolds, along with other flowers and candles, are fashioned into these krathongs as a symbol of letting go of negativity and misfortunes while inviting good fortune and new beginnings.

JapaneseIn Japanese culture, the marigold flower is frequently used as an offering to honor the departed and as a gesture of respect when placed on graves.

Moreover, the marigold represents hope and is a comforting gift extended to those experiencing grief.

HinduismIn Hindu culture, marigolds are revered as auspicious and are associated with various deities, especially Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity.

During festivals and religious celebrations, marigolds are offered to deities and placed at doorways and entrances to attract good luck and positive energies.

The vibrant blooms are also used in weddings and other joyous occasions, symbolizing the wish for a prosperous and blessed life ahead.

ChristianityIn Christianity, marigold flowers have been connected to the Virgin Mary.

The radiant golden color of the blooms is tied to Mary's gold legend, wherein it is said that Mary offered her golden coins to those in need.

Marigolds are often used to pay tribute to Mary during religious observances and festive gatherings such as Marian feast days and rosary processions.



Cosmos are daisy-like blooms that belong to the Asteraceae family and have become a beloved choice for gardens, landscapes, and floral arrangements.

Symbolism of Cosmos



Pink cosmos symbolize love, admiration, and affection. They are often associated with feelings of joy, gratitude, and appreciation. 

Recommended use: They are a popular choice for expressing tender emotions and heartfelt sentiments, making them a thoughtful gift for friends, family, or someone special.



White cosmos represents purity, innocence, and spirituality. They are often seen as symbols of divine beauty and transcendence. 

Recommended use: They are a perfect choice for commemorating new beginnings, expressing sympathy, and honoring departed loved ones.



Orange cosmos exude energy, enthusiasm, and creativity. They symbolize warmth, confidence, and vitality. 

Recommended use: They are often given as tokens of encouragement and inspiration, making them suitable gifts for those going on new ventures or seeking a burst of motivation.



Red cosmos carry a passionate and bold symbolism, representing deep love, desire, and intense emotions. They can be used to convey strong affection and romantic feelings. 

Recommended use: They make a striking addition to arrangements and bouquets meant to express ardor and devotion.



Yellow cosmos symbolize happiness, joy, and friendship. They are often associated with positivity, optimism, and sunshine. 

Recommended use: They are wonderful gifts to spread cheer and convey warm wishes for a brighter and happier future.

Varieties of Cosmos

Cosmos bipinnatus

Cosmos bipinnatus

Cosmos bipinnatus is a show-stopping annual with its daisy-like flowers and delicate fern-like foliage. 

It is highly sought after for its extensive color range, which includes shades of pink, white, red, lavender, and even bicolored blooms. 

This variety’s versatility and ease of cultivation have made it one of the most widely cultivated cosmos varieties worldwide. 

It’s a favorite for attracting butterflies, bees, and other pollinators, adding both beauty and biodiversity to gardens and landscapes.

Cosmos sulphureus

Cosmos sulphureus

Cosmos sulphureus is known for its vivacious and fiery hues of orange, golden yellow, and scarlet. 

These radiant blooms create a striking contrast to other cosmos varieties. They are perfect for adding bursts of warm color to borders, flowerbeds, and wildflower meadows. 

Their cheery and exuberant appearance makes them a popular choice for cheerful summer and autumn displays.

Cosmos atrosanguineus

Cosmos atrosanguineus

Cosmos atrosanguineus is a captivating perennial cosmos variety, distinct for its deep maroon-red flowers with a captivating chocolate fragrance. 

The alluring scent, reminiscent of dark chocolate, makes it a delightful sensory experience for garden enthusiasts.

Cosmos parviflorus

Cosmos parviflorus

Cosmos parviflorus is a North American species, appreciated for its delicate and small flowers that exude an understated charm. 

The feathery foliage enhances its graceful appearance, creating a soft and airy effect. 

It comes in a range of colors, including soft pinks, lavenders, and whites, making it a versatile choice for naturalistic plantings and wildflower gardens.

Cosmos bipinnatus sonata series

Cosmos bipinnatus sonata series

The Cosmos Sonata series is a popular group of dwarf cosmos varieties, known for their compact size and prolific blooming. 

These annuals are ideal for containers, borders, and small gardens, bringing a profusion of charming blooms in various colors. 

The Sonata series includes a mix of hues, such as pink, white, and scarlet, ensuring a delightful display of color throughout the summer.

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Sea Shells’

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells'

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Sea Shells’ is a unique variety, distinguished by its tubular, fluted petals that resemble delicate seashells. 

The flowers come in an array of pastel colors, creating an elegant and whimsical display reminiscent of ocean waves. 

This charming variety adds a touch of fantasy and grace to gardens and makes an eye-catching addition to cut flower arrangements.

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Cupcakes’

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Cupcakes'

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Cupcakes’ earns its name from its cup-shaped petals that form beautiful double blooms. 

This variety comes in a delightful mix of colors, including shades of pink, white, and crimson, adding a charming and romantic touch to gardens and landscapes. 

‘Cupcakes’ cosmos are a favorite for attracting pollinators and can be used to create stunning mass plantings or delightful border displays.

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Sensation’

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation'

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Sensation’ is an improved variety known for its larger and more substantial flowers compared to standard Cosmos bipinnatus

The Sensation series offers a broader color range, featuring traditional shades of pink and white as well as exciting new bicolor combinations. 

These stunning blooms bring a sense of grandeur to gardens and landscapes, making them an impressive focal point in any setting.

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Purity’

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Purity'

Cosmos bipinnatus ‘Purity’ is a classic and elegant white cosmos variety, celebrated for its pristine white flowers and graceful appearance. 

These pure white blooms create a serene and ethereal atmosphere in gardens, making them an excellent choice for moonlit or evening gardens. 

‘Purity’ cosmos is often used as a contrast or complement to other colorful flowers, adding a touch of sophistication and timeless beauty.

Cosmos sulphureus ‘Cosmic Orange’

Cosmos sulphureus 'Cosmic Orange'

Cosmos sulphureus ‘Cosmic Orange’ is celebrated for its intense, vibrant orange blooms, which create a splash of color in borders, containers, and sunny landscapes. 

This variety adds a burst of energy and brightness to any setting, making it a focal point in garden designs. 

‘Cosmic Orange’ cosmos is a favorite for bringing a touch of warmth and radiance to summer and autumn plantings.

Cosmos in Different Cultures

Cosmos in Different Cultures
JapanIn Japan, the cosmos flower is cherished for its beauty and profound cultural symbolism. It is often associated with cleanliness, orderliness, and purity.

Japanese aesthetics value simplicity and harmony, making cosmos a beloved choice for gardens.

Though not native to Japan, cosmos has found a home in Japanese landscapes, where gardeners strategically incorporate it alongside traditional flowers, creating a balanced and harmonious ambiance.

MexicoIn Mexico, the cosmos flower is revered for its symbolism of harmony and beauty. The vibrant blooms of cosmos can be spotted gracing numerous gardens and landscapes across the country.

With their effortless elegance, cosmos flowers infuse outdoor spaces with bursts of color. Particularly celebrated in the city of Oaxaca, Mexico, cosmos flowers play a significant role in cultural celebrations.

These include the annual Day of the Dead festivities, where they form part of colorful altars and offerings dedicated to departed loved ones.

South KoreaIn South Korea, the cosmos flower symbolizes love blooming in the autumn season, making it a popular choice for romantic gestures and expressions of affection.

Couples often exchange cosmos flowers or gift them to each other to convey feelings of love and admiration.

The vibrant colors and delicate appearance of cosmos add a touch of romance to gardens and parks throughout South Korea.

This makes it an integral part of cultural celebrations and festivals, like Chuseok, where it represents the beauty of love and the harmony of nature.

RussiaIn Russia, the cosmos flower is associated with the triumph of the human spirit and represents boundless potential and cosmic wonder.

The word cosmos in Russian translates to "universe" or "space," reflecting the flower's symbolic connection to exploration and dreams.

Cosmos flowers are used to commemorate achievements and milestones, such as graduations and competitions.

They serve as tokens of celebration and encouragement to embrace the vastness of human endeavors.

ChinaIn China, the cosmos flower carries diverse symbolic meanings based on its color.

Red cosmos is associated with luck, happiness, and good fortune, making it a popular choice for festive decorations and celebrations, such as weddings and family gatherings.

White cosmos, on the other hand, is linked to purity, spiritual enlightenment, and fresh starts, often used in offerings during religious rituals.

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